Object-oriented software engineering (OOSE) is a software development methodology based on object-oriented programming (OOP). It is a paradigm that uses the concept of objects, which can contain data in the form of fields or attributes, as well as methods and functions for interacting with them.
OOSE can be used both in frontend development and backend development (we discussed frontend and backend in detail in this trend article). Using OOP makes it convenient to create modular, scalable, and easily maintainable systems, which is often very important for digital transformation of business.
Key concepts of object-oriented programming using Tesla electric vehicles as a case study:
Object-oriented software engineering is not always used, but only when necessary. Everything depends on the project — for some, the OOSE methodology will be excessive, while for others, in modern development, it becomes mandatory (read about the nuances of developing our projects in the Case Studies section of the website). For example, when creating the fundamentally new Tesla Cybertruck, it did not require body paint like other Tesla electric vehicles. However, in the case of software code, this class attribute in the object of the new model could simply be overridden.
To determine the necessity of using object-oriented software engineering, it is important to first define the functional and non-functional requirements of the system. After that, it is necessary to analyze the requirements and identify the problems that need to be solved, as well as prepare for the design.
Experienced developers are engaged in software design based on the principles of object-oriented programming. Special UML diagrams (Unified Modeling Language) are often used, which include class diagrams, sequence diagrams, and state diagrams.
After the design, the application based on OOP is developed by writing the software code, checking the functionality and identifying errors, as well as further maintenance, which includes making changes, improvements, and any additions necessary for the new branches of the customer's business.
Thanks to object-oriented software engineering, it is possible to create modular, scalable, and easily maintainable software systems. The use of objects, classes, as well as inheritance principles, helps organize the code and makes it more understandable and reusable. That is why the practice of OOSE definitely deserves attention.